Before discussing more about commercial quail farming business, let me
first explain ‘what is quail farming?’ Actually the term ‘quail farming’
means, raising quails commercially (like other poultry birds) for the
purpose of profitable eggs and meat production. As far as we have
experienced, quail farming business is very easy, lucrative and
entertaining. It’s very easy to maintain a quail farm, because quails
are among the smallest species of poultry birds. The Japanese scientists
first tamed the wild quails and revealed the ways to raise them as
domestic birds. Commercial quail farming in Japan has spread
tremendously. Now, people throughout the world performing quail farming
business commercially for the purpose of meat and egg production. Quail
farming is very profitable like other farming ventures, such as chicken,
turkey or duck
Almost all types of weather conditions are suitable for starting quail
farming business. Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty and nutritious.
Quail eggs are very nutritious than other poultry eggs. Because quail
eggs contain comparatively more protein, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, B1
and B2. Quail farming can play a vital role to meet up the demand of
food and nutrition. Quail farming business require small capital and
labor. Quails can be raised along with your other poultry birds for meat
or eggs production.
Characteristics of Quail
Quails are very small sized bird.
An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams and an egg weights
around 7 to 15 grams.
Female quails start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age and
continuously lay one egg daily.
They lay about 300 eggs in their first year of life. After that they
produce about 150 to 175 eggs in second year. Eggs production
gradually decrease after their first year of laying period.
Quail egg is very suitable for human health. It contains 2.47 % less
fat than chicken egg. Many people believe that ‘quail eggs help to
prevent blood pressure, diabetic, pant etc’.
Quail meat is very tasty and nutritious. Fat is very low in their
meat. So quail meat is very suitable for blood pressure patients.
Eggs are very beautiful with multiple color.
Quails do not incubate their eggs. So you have to use an incubator
or brooder chickens for hatching their eggs.
Benefits of Quail Farming
Quails are smaller sized poultry birds, and it’s very easy to handle
them. The main benefits of starting quail farming business are listed
Quails are smaller sized bird, so they can be raised within small
Feeding cost of quails are comparatively lower than chickens or
other poultry birds.
Diseases are less in quails, and they are very hardy.
Quails grow very fast and gain maturity faster than any other
They start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age.
It takes about 16 to 18 days to hatch their eggs.
Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty, delicious and nutritious. So
it’s a great source of food and nutrition.
Quail farming needs small capital, and labor cost is very low.
Quails can be raised successfully in commercial method. Some people
have already started commercial quail farming business.
Quails are very strong bird and diseases or other health problems
are less. So risks are less in this business.
Quail meat contain less fat. So, it is suitable for high blood
Their food to meat or eggs converting efficiency is satisfactory.
They can produce one kg meat or eggs by consuming three kg food.
You can raise 6 to 7 quails in the same place that is required for
As the quail eggs are smaller in size, so the price is also lower
than other bird’s egg. As a result, all types of people can buy
quail eggs and you can easily sell the eggs.
As the primary costs are less, so you can start this business with a
very little investment.
You can raise about 6 to 8 quails within 0.91 squire meter area.
As it is a lucrative business venture, so commercial quail farming
business can be a great source of income and employment for the
unemployed educated people. Even, you can start raising a few quails
along with your current profession.
Life Cycle of Quails
Quail generally survive for 3 to 4 years. An adult quail weights between
150 to 200 grams. Female quails start laying eggs from their 6 to 7
weeks of age. Each egg weights between 7 to 15 grams. They lay more than
300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very beautiful. Presence of light
increase the egg productive efficiency of quails. They usually lay eggs
at afternoon. It takes about 17 days to hatch their eggs. A newly born
quail chick weights around 6 to 7 grams. Quail never incubate their
eggs. For successful breeding purpose keep one male quail with every
five female quails. Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about
two weeks to be strong enough. Eggs of 9 to 11 grams weight with smooth
and hard eggshell are perfect for hatching and producing chicks.
How to Start Quail Farming Business?
As quails are smaller sized poultry birds, so it’s very easy to
establish a quail farm. Make a proper quail
farming business plan before
starting. And work according to the plan. A proper business plan should
include breeds, housing, feeding, care and marketing strategies. Here we
are shortly describing every steps.
Select Quail Breeds
At present there are 18 species of quails are available, which are very
suitable for profitable quail
farming business. Some of these breeds are famous for egg production
and some are popular for meat production. According to their production,
quail breeds are of two types such as broilers and layers. Here we have
stated some popular broiler and layer quail breeds.
Layer Quail Breeds
Broiler Quail Breeds
White Breasted (Indian)
Housing is very important for quail farming. Follow the instructions
mentioned below while making house or cages for your quails.
Quail can be raised in both litter and cage systems. But quail
farming in cage system is more suitable than raising them in deep
litter system. In cage system, management is very easy and diseases
or other problems are less.
Make a proper ventilation system and ensure proper flow of air and
light inside their house.
You can raise 50 quails in a cage measuring 120 cm length, 60 cm
wide and 25 cm height.
Use wire net for making their cages.
Measurement of the net would be 5 mm x 5 mm for adult quails.
Plastic cages are most convenient for quail farming business.
The house must have to be out of the reach of wild animals. Also
prevent all types of predators.
For keeping your quails healthy, proper growing and highly productive,
provide them balanced feed regularly. An adult quail consumes about 20
to 25 grams of food daily. Chick feed should contain 27% and adult feed
22-24% of protein. A chart of balanced feed for quails is shown below.